Thursday, September 27, 2018

Data Overload

Technology's advances in today's world have become a hot-button issue. Is it as helpful as it is hurtful? Is the constant connection to the blue screen just too much? Rudimentary statistics have come out regarding the pros and cons of tech, but it may be too soon to tell what the long-standing impacts are on our overall well-being. When it comes to diabetes tech, the concerns are no less significant.

Continuous glucose monitors

Probably the biggest advance in diabetes technology since the insulin pump, Continuous Glucose Monitors (CGMs) have become widely used tools by both type 1s and type 2s. Whether you're a Guardian, Libre, or Dexcom user, you no doubt know how much this technology has impacted your diabetes care. These little guys check our blood sugars without us having to finger stick, tell us if we are trending up or down, and even tell us the speed at which we're trending. They alert us, our phones, and even our loved ones if we so choose. It sounds amazing to most people, but there's a downside here.

Too much of a good thing?

What's helpful about a CGM can also be harmful - we are inundated with data. This constant stimulation can be super overwhelming, especially for someone who's had diabetes since long before this tech was available. Before CGMs, you would test, bolus, eat and then not think about your BGs so much until you were going to eat again or if you were symptomatic. We didn't know what was going on in between our finger sticks. Now, we know immediately when our sugars begin to rise or drop. The issue is, once we see those dreaded arrows, it's difficult for some of us to just observe. We feel the need to correct, even though our sugars are supposed to rise after meals. That's just what happens. Just like sugars start to drop when we exercise. There is a constant pressure to have the straightest line possible, but is this really realistic? Trending down doesn't mean we are bound for a hypo, and trending up doesn't mean our IOB won't bring us down like it's supposed to.

A common vibe

If you don't believe me that this awesome technology has a downside, I'm not the only one feeling it. I recently read a post from Libby Russel for Beyond Type 1, reflecting on her experience using a Dexcom. This spot-on hits all the frustration that comes with wearing a sensor. Reading about Libby's struggles and her relating her Dexcom to an overly attentive boyfriend was super relatable (and hysterical). Data overload is also touched on a lot in Out of Range, Beta Cell's podcast with Craig & Laura. And an overwhelming seventy percent of Instagram followers who participated in my poll agreed they over-correct based on sensor data. These little arrows can wreak havoc on our peace of mind.

Now, don't get me wrong. CGM is an amazing tool to better know your patterns, and is essential for people who don't feel their lows. But it can be a tough road, learning how to calmly observe our numbers without overreacting and panicking. It's a skill that takes practice and fine-tuning. But we're used to that, huh?

Thursday, September 13, 2018

Back to School with Type 1

It's that time of year again! Fresh pencils, new notebooks, and football games. Back to school is upon us once more. Whether you (or your child) are heading back to elementary school, high school, or packing up for college, you need a game plan when it comes to your T1D.

Know your rights

If you attend public school, it's important to know that you have certain rights as a student with type 1. Under the Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA), public schools are mandated to provide reasonable accommodations for students with a disability. The ADA classifies type 1 diabetes (along with many other chronic illnesses) as a disability. The goal of ADA in schools is for every child to have access to the education they deserve.

There are many organizations out there that advocate for families who feel the school isn't complying to ADA guidelines. In New Jersey, the one I most commonly refer families to is SPAN. You can also reach out to your local universities' law clinics, who may offer pro bono services to families. You'll want to look for a clinic that specializes in education law.

Terms to Know

  • 504 Plan: More commonly referred to simply as a "504," this is a documented plan that lays out the accommodations you or your child require as a student with type one. Examples include access to water, being allowed to test in class, and bringing a buddy to the nurses office.
  • Child Study Team: This team typically consists of a school social worker, psychologist, counselor, and the student's teacher and paraprofessional (if applicable). While a 504 doesn't necessarily mean the CST will be involved, they may be a good team to approach if you have questions regarding your accommodations, how to set up a 504, or if you're concerned the school isn't adhering to your 504 plan.
Setting up a 504 can often be done with the help of the principal and the school nurse. You will need a letter from your endocrinologist specifying the accommodations that you need, and explaining the medical necessity for them. Most pediatric endocrinology offices are familiar with 504 plans and have templates for families. If you're struggling, ask if your endo has a social worker you can speak to. Also, Beyond Type 1 has a template for a 504, and other useful resources & information for going back to school with type 1.

Tips and Tricks

As someone who has done diabetes all the way from pre-K through grad school, I've had many experiences, both positive and negative, and am happy to share my tips and tricks.
  • Get a jump on things. Do you know who your school nurse is? Your teacher? All your teachers? If you do, contact the school and see if you can set up a meeting before the semester starts. This way, the staff will be familiar with you, familiar with type 1, and familiar with your plan of care.
  • Be an advocate. It's an unfortunate reality that some schools don't follow the regulations they are mandated to comply with. Don't let them get away with it. Be an advocate for your child, and teach your child to grow into an advocate themselves. If you need help, utilize the resources discussed above, or try reaching out to your local JDRF chapter.
  • Have a low box (or two). Low boxes at school are essential. All you need is a pencil box and your low supplies of choice, with an extra meter for good measure. I used to keep a low box in my classroom, and in the gym for gym class. Whenever we went outside, our gym teacher would have the low box in tow. Also, it's quick to grab during a fire drill or an evacuation - you never know how long you'll be outside.
  • Know your nurse. If you're lucky, your nurse will be your number 1 person at school. My K-3 nurse was one of my best friends at school. It's good to have someone in your corner, and someone to look out for you. Also, make sure your school is prepared if your nurse is out for the day - who is their back up?
Bottom line for back to school: know your rights, be prepared, and stand up for yourself (or your child). Ask for help when you need it. You got this.

Sunday, September 2, 2018

Internalizing Our Numbers

Instagram: @diabetictruths
There's a lot of bad habits we accumulate as type 1s. Not changing our lancets, scattering our used test strips all across the globe, over-treating our lows...the list goes on. But a particularly bad habit we have is internalizing our numbers.

When I say "internalize," I mean we take our numbers too close to heart. We see them as a direct indicator of how good or bad we are doing at life. 

When I say numbers, I am referring to many things - our sugars, our A1Cs, our percentage of time in range. 

Over-identifying is something I talked about in my last post about guilt. We tend to see our numbers as a direct reflection of who we are as people. And we put a lot of stock in the numbers we are inundated with on a daily basis. We're all familiar with the dreaded trip to the lab to get our A1C checked, and the tense waiting period until we get our report card delivered to us by our doctor.

A word to healthcare providers

To be clear, numbers are an integral part of diabetes. Aside from our gut feelings, they are the only somewhat clear indicators we get in this ambiguous, ever-changing disease. Also, doctors love numbers. Numbers are data. This is definitely a factor in the development of this habit. We have the message "lower A1C" drilled into our heads by our diabetes team. We see the looks of disapproval when our numbers are higher than preferred. And for sure, we all try our best to keep our numbers in a reasonable range. There is no doubt that numbers in range keep us in better health. But numbers are also rigid. They are a spot, a speckle on the vast map of our life with diabetes. And taking numbers at face value can lead to unnecessary stress. It shouldn't be that a high A1C result delivered by a stern endo causes a slow spread of shame across our psyche.

For example, consider A1C. Anyone on a medical team who hears an A1C of 10% will not be able to stop themselves from spiraling off into a lecture of how awful you are doing. But maybe your last A1C was 14%. Or maybe your health insurance termed last month and you've been rationing your insulin. There are so many factors that are hiding behind the numbers. This is an important thing to remember if you are a healthcare provider, or if you know someone with diabetes. Don't jump the gun. Gently explore what is going on with your patient from a non-judgmental, not-knowing place. It's so easy to delegate people into the dichotomy of "bad/good" A1C," which then often translates into "bad/good" diabetic, or "bad/good" person.

Being kind to ourselves

On our end, we must work to be kinder to ourselves. In the world of social media, it's especially easy to fall into the trap of comparing our numbers to others'. It's easy to see another person's flat line on their Libre and assume they're having a great day. But, as we all know, there's usually a deeper story. Work goes into those numbers. Stress. Blood, sweat, and tears. And sometimes they're not the numbers desired.

So, the first step is, stop comparing. Focus on you, and your care. Your body is different from any other body, whether it's a fellow body with diabetes or not.

Next step, take your numbers in context. Remember they are only a piece of your diabetes. Use them to inform how you care for yourself, but don't make a mountain of them.

And finally, advocate for yourself. Don't let others make you feel badly about your numbers. They are yours to feel how you want about. If your doctor or your partner or an annoying stranger is solely focused on the numbers, speak up. No one deserves to feel ashamed of their care. We're all doing the best we can.

Friday, August 24, 2018

Type 1 and Guilt

There is a specter floating around in the type 1 community. It haunts people and parents living with type 1, coming out to play during our lowest moments. The specter is guilt. Feeling like a burden.

There's definitely a difference in the kinds of guilt experienced by those who have type 1 and those whose loved ones have type 1 (namely, parents). Parents of type 1s may experience guilt in several ways: guilt that their child is sick, guilt that they couldn't prevent it, that they couldn't protect them, that they could have caught it sooner, and so on. Upon diagnosis parents often need to be reassured that there was nothing they could have done to cause their child's diabetes, or anything they could have done to prevent it. Very often, it is parents' keen eye and instinct that bring their child in to the doctor or the emergency room. They took care of their children, as most parents do, to the best of their knowledge and ability.

Parents of type 1 answered a 50/50 split of feeling guilt regarding their child's diagnosis. (Instagram: @diabetictruths)

For those who have type 1 themselves, the relationship with guilt can be more insidious. Even for those who are diagnosed young (myself included), guilt will worm its way into thoughts and feelings about diabetes. I have a vivid memory of having to be picked up early from ballet class after a low at around age 10. After 15 minutes of sitting and wallowing in my sorrow, my mother arrived to get me. "Sorry I'm such a burden on you and Dad," I spat as a hello. I remember her being appalled - her and my father never complained about having to take care of me. Why would I say such a thing? Was I being a drama queen? Not exactly.

Feeling like a burden

When it comes to feeling like a burden, it seems that I was far from alone in my feelings. What I've found - on social media, at work, or listening to different type 1 podcasts - is that the majority of type 1s struggle with this feeling from time to time. 
However, this issue isn't just specific to diabetes. The Kidney Disease Quality of Life Survey (KDQOL), administered to dialysis patients ages 18 and older, specifically asks the same question I posed to other type 1s on my Instagram. The KDQOL asks in its "True or False" section how true the statement "I feel like a burden on my family" is. Feelings of guilt and shame aren't just things that diabetics struggle with - it seems that any chronic illness that significantly impacts daily life poses a risk of this side effect.

On the upside, it seems that people living with type 1 don't feel this way all of the time. More commonly, they feel this way on bad diabetes days. Like all negative thoughts, guilt tends to creep up on us during difficult moments. If our sugar levels are really out of whack and we have to rely heavily on our loved ones, we're more prone to feel like a burden or a bother. 

Also, if diabetes interferes with plans or social activities, it seems the majority of type 1s are reluctant to break the news to those they are spending time with. It would make sense that this is reluctance stems from that same fear - feeling like a burden. Ruining the day for everyone. Interrupting the fun with your diabetes. These thoughts can be seriously detrimental to our state of mind - thoughts like these increase shame, guilt and embarrassment, which can lower our sense of self-worth.


Guilt and shame are feelings. Feelings are a direct result of our thoughts - how we perceive what is going on around us. So what thoughts are we having that feed these feelings of guilt? 

I have to cut this hike short. My sugar's going low.
This is awful. I'm ruining everyone's day. 

My mom gets so worried about me. I am such a burden to this family.

The issue with these thoughts is that without realizing it, we are over-identifying with our diabetes. Yes, our moms are worried about us. But is it you yourself that is the stressor on the family? Or is it your diabetes? It's often hard for us to remember - they are two different entities. Parents may have been devastated about our diagnosis, but it is our diabetes they are upset with, not us. We might be upset that we have to cut the hike short, but it's diabetes that interrupted the day, not us.

This isn't to say that we should shirk all responsibilities that come along with diabetes. Even though diabetes is a separate entity, it is still something we have some control over. Rather, this is about changing our thoughts regarding diabetes and ourselves. It's about changing the way you talk to yourself (otherwise referred to as self-talk) about your type 1. Diabetes may be an integral part of who you are, but it is not you yourself.

Saturday, July 28, 2018

Resource Hub


Who doesn't love resources?

As a social worker, much of what I do is provide resources. Whether it's for finances, prescriptions, mental health, or community support, there is an abundance of resources to be found and shared. The more time I spend in my field, the more I realize how the type 1 community would benefit from many of these resources. This is why I'll be constructing a resource hub that will become a permanent page of my blog. You can find it next to the "Medical Disclaimer" bar. This will be an ongoing project - I'll continue to add resources as I come across them. Most importantly, I want to hear from you guys - know of a resource that I don't have on my page? Have a good or a bad experience with one of them? Let me know!! The resource hub will go live on Thursday, August 2nd, so stay tuned.

Sunday, July 8, 2018

Thoughts on a Fractured Foot

As I write this, I stare pitifully down at my left foot and right knee. Each is carefully draped with an ice pack. My left foot is wrapped in an Ace bandage, awaiting an evaluation by an orthopedist for the fracture in my fifth metatarsal bone (think - the pinky bone of your foot). The swelling in my right knee seems to have gone down, but I'm over-icing it as a precaution. We still don't know what exactly is causing the knee swelling - it flares up after running or excessive walking. But a fracture in the left foot means crutches and weight-bearing only on the right leg. Which means pressure on the bad knee. Which means excruciating pain and more inflammation. My Omnipod sits inconspicuously on my left thigh, an afterthought. I use my PDM to bolus for my Sunday night ice cream, then spend five minutes over-thinking how much Aleve I should take before bed.

I'm not good at being still. Resting and elevating has been a challenge for me. Sure, I got to watch Moana and take a nap on the couch, but I like to be moving. Laying in bed last night, I didn't sleep much, unable to stop focusing on the pain in my knee. The more I lay around and think, the more often I came back to the same thought - am I being a huge wuss? This is temporary.

I mean, I've lived with type one diabetes every day of my life for the past 25 & 1/2 years. It comes to me as naturally as breathing. The pricks, the pokes, the highs, the lows...but this - struggling to get around - this is new for me. And its gotten me thinking. We struggle with what we're unfamiliar with. Someone from the outside looking in would probably assume that taking care of my diabetes is incredibly stressful. They would see the broken foot and think it was small potatoes compared to my daily finger pricks. But not me. For me, diabetes continues to be a nonchalant part of my daily life, while this foot fracture has me tossing and turning, butt-scooting and crawling around my house.

At the same time, I think that what we go through prepares us for what is to come. Time has passed and I've been given a boot for my broken foot. I've grown to have a love-hate relationship with the boot - much like the relationship I have with my diabetes supplies. I talk to it, I give a pat after it helps me get around, I consider naming it. I feel living with a pump has predisposed me to have a certain level of amicability towards health-gear. I realize the necessity of it and try not to begrudge it for doing its job.

We as humans are creatures of habit. It seems that for most of us, hard and easy are subjective - what's new is hard. Type one, for me, is easy compared to broken foot. And yes, in case you were wondering, I did decorate the boot. We'll see about the name.

Thursday, June 28, 2018

Disconnected - switching to Omnipod

I'm reluctant to write another post with a positive review, since the day after I raved about my Libre I put in a new one and had a day of completely whacked out readings. The universe has a funny way of doing stuff like that. So I won't say that my switch over to the Omnipod has gone well.

I first started on a pump when I was 9 years old, and have been on one ever since. That's 17 years on a Medtronic. Needless to say, this was a big change for me. The adjustment has been interesting. I still find myself reaching for my waistband when I want to bolus. I catch myself guarding my waist when I walk through doorways or change my clothes. But after the initial disorientation, I've found myself feeling pretty liberated. Right now I have the pod on the back of my arm, and I feel like I can dance around and there's nothing attached to me.

For those of you who are unfamiliar with the system, there's two major parts to it. The pod, which is the insulin pump itself. The pod carries the insulin inside of it and sticks to your skin like a pump site would. It's changed every other/every two days. Then there's the PDM, which controls the pod through a wireless connection. The PDM doesn't have to be near the pod for you to get your basal. It just needs to be within communicating distance when you bolus. This is nice because when I go for a short run, I can set up my temp basal and leave my PDM at home. Or at work, I can leave it in my lunch bag and don't need to carry it around the hospital with me.

The Switch

My first step in switching to the pod was to call the company (Insulet). I explained that I wanted to try out the pod, and they sent me an empty sample pod. I wore this for a couple of days and decided to give the real one a shot. If you're currently using a competing company for pump therapy (i.e. Medtronic, TSlim), Insulet will send you a month's supply of pods with a PDM. If you don't like it, you can keep the PDM at no cost and keep using your old system. This was reassuring for me because it felt like such a big change to dive into without a safety net.

Insulet has you complete a form so that they can verify coverage with your insurance company. This is another important thing to consider before making a switch. Luckily the pods were covered at the same percentage my Medtronic supplies were, and will end up being about the same cost out of pocket every three months.

What I Like

Less Supplies: Since the pods have their reservoir inside of them, its only them you have to worry about. This makes for easier packing, storing and traveling with supplies.
Insertion: I'm not sure if it's mental or what, but just sticking the pod on and pressing a button without ever having to see the needle or hear that loud click makes it seem like an easier and less painful insertion.
Freedom: As I mentioned before, the ability to dance around without worrying about something falling off your hip is just pretty exciting after 19 years on a tubed pump. Plus, the pods have gotten much smaller since they first came out. They may be more noticeable than a pump site, especially in the summertime, but for me it's worth the extra asks and looks.

Dash System

Something else exciting on the horizon is the recent FDA approval of the Dash system for the pod. This will include a slimmer PDM that will be able to communicate with the Contour Next test kit, made by Bayer. This was the system I was using with my Medtronic pump, which is nice because soon it will be compatible with my pod system. The Dash will also use Bluetooth technology for its connection with the pod, which seems to be a precursor to more advanced technology (smartphone apps, the works).

If you've been thinking about switching over to the pod, I've say give it a shot. Worst case scenario, you don't like it and go back to your old system without having to shell out any money. If you're on MDI, request a sample pod and see how you feel about wearing it for a couple of days.

Friday, June 15, 2018

From packing to poutine and everything in between - my Quebec City adventures

If you follow me on Instagram I'm sure you know that I recently got back from a 5-day, 4-night girls' trip to Quebec City. For anyone who's never been, I highly recommend it. The sights were beautiful, the food was amazing, and the shopping was seriously detrimental to my wallet. We stayed right near Place Royal, a quaint little square with a killer breakfast cafe. Everything in the city was walking distance for us. We also took a ten minute drive to Parc de la Chute-Montomorency, a local park where the stunning Montomorency Falls are located. They have zip-lining and cable cars, and the park itself is amazing just to explore on your own.
Place Royal
Montomorency Falls

What I packed

Whenever I travel, I am nutty about packing medical supplies. Being in Quebec 5 days, I was scheduled for one site change. In addition, I brought three extra pump sites and two extra reservoirs. I brought the remainder of my Fiasp vial along with one unopened bottle. The vial of test strips in my kit was full, and I packed an extra vial of these along with about 20 strips for my Libre reader which doubles as a meter. For lows I brought two bottles of juice, three gels and of course the emergency Swedish Fish I keep in my car. I had a backup meter, a backup pump, an extra pump battery, and all the necessary chargers.

Now this may sound like a lot of supplies to most people, but believe it or not I spent a solid amount of time preoccupied about my test strip supply. Would I have enough? What if I ran out? Could you buy Contour test strips at a pharmacy in Canada? I was frustrated that these worries plagued me while I was trying to enjoy myself. I ended up having more than enough supplies, and no emergency trips to Canadian pharmacies needed to be made.

What I ate

Being on vacation calls for indulging. These means a lot of guesswork when it comes to carb counting. Throw drinking into the mix, and it's easy to see why my sugars tend to run high when I'm away. During my trip my blood sugars were primarily in the 200s. I wasn't happy about this, but I also tend to be more cautious to avoid lows when I travel. We were doing a lot of walking, which made me more hesitant to bolus too much. This is something I hope to work on in the future, especially as I grow more comfortable with my sensor. It's been especially tough getting back to work and real life because as my blood sugars level out, I am having hypo symptoms in the 100s.

What I saw - and who saw me

The beautiful views in Quebec City are endless. Whether you climb to the upper part of the city to get a full view of the Chateau Frontenac and the city below, or wander along Quartier Petit Champlain to do some shopping on the colorful cobblestone streets, your eyes are in for a treat. We sat at the Port de Quebec and got a view of the upper part of the city from below, and climbed to the bottom of Montomorency Falls after ziplining over them.

Chateau Frontenac
Petit Champlain
Since I've started wearing my Libre, I've gotten more comfortable overall with my diabetes being "out" and people asking questions. While in QC I decided not to worry about hiding my pump or my Libre. This was partially because I wanted to embrace who I am as a diabetic, and partially a social experiment. Would as many people ask me what the heck was on my arm as I am used to in Jersey?
During our five day stay, I got two asks. One about my Libre, and one about my pump. Obviously I didn't spend enough time in Canada to do a thorough experiment with a random sample and all those things I learned about in stats class. My overall feeling was that people ask more often here. Are Canadian people less nosey? Anyone from the area please feel free to comment your thoughts below.

To sum up, Quebec City was a little slice of European-style heaven nestled within road tripping distance from NJ. I had a wonderful time and would absolutely go back. When it comes to type one and trips, I think it will be a continuous battle. You can't take a vacation from diabetes. But each experience helps me grow and learn how to travel better with type one. One thing I know for sure is that I will never stop exploring. Diabetes will just have to come along for the ride.

Sunday, June 3, 2018

My Libre Experience

By now I'm sure many of you have heard about or seen pictures of the Freestyle Libre system. For those of you who haven't, here's how it works:

The system has two parts: the sensor and the reader. The sensor is itty bitty and gets inserted into the back of your arm. It stays in for up to ten days. When you want to get data, you click on the reader and simply wave it over the sensor. It gives you your current BG, along with a graph of your previous readings for as long as you've been wearing it. The reader also tells you if you're trending rapidly up or down, slowly up or down, or running steady.

Unlike the Dex or Medtronic system, the sensor doesn't automatically give you your numbers - you have to wave it to get the data. This means there's no alert system if you're about to go low or if you're creeping up. The reader works through clothing, and it has a built in Freestyle meter as well.

Journey to Libre

I started my journey, of course, with insurance issues. When I first attempted to pick up the system at the pharmacy, they told me that insurance covered none of it. This was when it first came out in the US, in the beginning of 2018. It was also VERY difficult to locate a participating pharmacy that had it in stock. After a frustrating failed attempt, I spent a couple of months on the Enlite system, as it was covered by my new insurance. I did get some good data with this, but I went through too many inaccurate readings and failed insertions. My mind drifted back to the Libre. I decided to go through the company, and let them battle it out. They reached out to my endo to get a prescription, and went back and forth between her office, the pharmacy, and insurance. The system ended up being partially covered, and the out of pocket is less than the Enlite system for me.

Bringing the Libre home was super exciting - at this point I'd heard more and more about how convenient and accurate it was, and was itching to try it out. I was especially excited to use it while running. I've been on it now for about a month, and am thrilled so far. The readings are accurate, I'm pricking my finger less, and I feel like a spy from the future every time I wave the reader and get hours of data. Not to mention I have the system decked out in gear from Pimp My Diabetes and T1D Chick. There are certain aspects of the system that I can see some people being hesitant towards, depending on their situation. Below I've detailed my pros and cons.


Accuracy: My libre is almost always spot on. I trust it, which is a big deal for me. Small discrepancies tend to happen when I'm rising or dropping quickly, like with most CGMs. 

Size: You cannot beat it in the size department. The sensor itself is roughly the size of a quarter and flat. The reader is tiny as well, even in a case. Because it's so flat to your body, it's harder to rip out on accident. 

Duration: Sensor change is every 10 days. Enough said. 

Dual meter: The reader can also be used as a meter with Freestyle Precision Neo strips. These strips are super convenient too- they're wrapped individually in foil so you can fold them up flat. I use them for when I'm running, at work, or need to carry less bulk. Then I don't have to carry my usual meter as well. 

Cost: Even with the lower rate of insurance coverage, the out of pocket still ends up lower than the Enlite for me. The original market price of the system is lower than other sensors. 

Minimizes alert anxiety: If you feel your lows and highs and aren't reliant on the alerts on the Dex/Medtronic, this can be a good option for you. I tend to have alert anxiety, in which I get alerted that I'm dropping or rising and tend to over-correct.  The Libre eliminates this for me.


No alerts: If you don't feel your lows and highs, this system may not be ideal for you. While it's easy to scan and check your BG, you don't have the peace of mind that may come with the alert system.

Not technically "continuous": Because you have to scan the reader over the sensor, the system isn't technically considered a CGM. It isn't automatic - you have to put the little bit of effort into it.

Insurance: Because the system is so new, it's less likely to be covered by insurance. Or if it is, it may not be completely covered. I anticipate that as time goes by and more people use it, more insurance companies will offer more coverage.

Bottom Line

Bottom line is, if your insurance will cover it, I highly recommend trying it out. It's small, accurate and fun to use. My coworkers in the medical field are in awe of it. Plus, it's always fun to hear people guess what the heck is on your arm. So far I've gotten:
  • A penny (this guess was from a 3-year-old)
  • A radiation sensor
  • Miscellaneous crap stuck to my arm ("Hey, you've got something stuck there")
We'll see what guess comes next...

Sunday, May 27, 2018

The Stamp of Compliance

If you're a type one, you've likely accumulated a litany of diagnoses over your lifetime. Hashimotos, celiac, lupus, the works. They pile on, accruing in your chart over the years. Maybe this bothers you, maybe it doesn't. There's constant debate about the power of labels and how one's diagnostic label can help or hurt them if they over-identify with it. But the more time I spend in the medical field, the more I notice a label that doesn't seem to yield any benefit: compliant. Or, for our purposes, non-compliant.

Over time, doctors need to monitor your diagnoses and how you are managing your health. But seeing non-compliant or history of non-compliance tacked onto a patient chart tends to create an image in a provider's mind before they even meet their patient. There is a level of judgement that inevitably occurs once your diagnostic labels include compliance issues. Much like words that we no longer use due to the negative connotation and derogatory nature they became so closely linked with, compliance is beginning to get a bit of a bad rep. Why? To start, let's look at the definition:

Obeying. Yielding. Not exactly words I would appreciate being used towards me as a patient. "You must obey your diabetes regimen." I'm trying to live my best life, not surrender at battle in Winterfell. I've heard certain healthcare providers talk about a shift toward using the word adherence, which I personally think is better. The bottom line is, the word compliance has developed a stigma. To have such a strong label as a diagnostic tool on a patient's chart is a risky move. It becomes easy to say, "This patient is non-compliant. I better not get my hopes up. They're probably not doing what they're supposed to."

This label extends beyond diabetes - it applies to all chronic illnesses, whether it's ESRD, epilepsy, or asthma. It can be so easy to say, "Well, this patient's non-compliant. They don't want to care for themselves," when this may not be the case. There is another approach. When assessing patients and families I prefer to ask, "Are you able to take your medications/follow your diet/etc. as prescribed?" Asking from a place of non-judgement and not-knowing allows space for the patient to ask for help if they need it. Maybe they aren't taking their medication because their insurance doesn't cover it. Maybe they're struggling with an underlying anxiety or depression, or could just benefit from some educational counseling. Simply labeling someone as non-compliant and leaving it at that eliminates any possibility for improvement. And people living with chronic illness deserve a chance for improvement. Being stuck in a place where they are struggling to care for themselves doesn't have to be a place where they remain.

So what now? Other than adherence, what words would you prefer to have used, as a patient or as a provider? I am curious to know.

Sunday, May 20, 2018

Sleep: A Fickle Friend

My relationship with sleep has always been odd. I love sleep. But when I was a child, I had night terrors. I always needed a night light, and I still can't sleep in total darkness. I'm also a violent sleeper. My friends who've shared rooms with me say I run in my sleep, kick in my sleep, throw things in my sleep...

I wake up and the room is a mess. My stuffed animals are everywhere. My blankets are askew. Bottom line is, my sleep has never been particularly restful.

As I adjust to adulting and having a full-time job, one of the things I've prioritized is trying to get as restful a night's sleep as possible. But the more time I spend trying to get a good night's sleep, the more I am reminded of an unpleasant truth: type 1 is not at all conducive to rest. And I am not alone in this. Other T1D's feel the same, as do their family members I'm sure. How does any parent of a T1D child get a full night's rest? My mom still doesn't sleep, and I'm 26 (sorry mom).

There's many parts of diabetes that interfere with sleep. To start, the equipment. Anyone with a pump knows what it's like to wake at 3am entangled in tubing (Podders excluded). There are times when I drift seamlessly between sleep and wake, just long enough to grab my pump, roll to the side, and place it so it's not wrapped around my waist. This may not be a lot of time awake, but it adds up.

Then there's the tech. CGMs can simultaneously help and interfere with sleep, depending on the person. On the one hand, the CGM is a great tool for waking those who don't feel their lows or highs. This is essential for getting a good night's sleep - because who can rest when they're worried about dropping low and not feeling it? Those who don't feel their lows and parents of young children can more than likely rest easily knowing their CGM is there for them. On the other hand, some CGMs are less accurate than others. False alarms ringing out in the night are incredibly frustrating. There's also the risk of over-checking and over-treating - seeing a downward/upward arrow when you roll over and glimpse at your graph, and giving an unneeded correction or laying awake with worry. Much like having a cell phone in the bed, the CGM is stimulation. It is a double-edged sword.

What else?
High BG - up all night to pee.
Low BG - up all night to eat. Followed by a rebound and a wave of nausea.
Bum pump site - have you ever had to change your site in the twilight hours while still half-asleep? Not fun.

Along with all of this comes the general anxiety of just being diabetic - and trying to sleep. Whether it's worrying about lows or highs, worrying about whether a correction will work and how you'll be when you wake up, or trying to remember if you've re-stocked your bedroom juice, diabetes is not a disease that plays nice with restful sleep. Because of this, I try to get into my bed early enough that I have more than enough time to get in eight hours - since I know 100% of the time in bed will likely not be spent sleeping.

Sunday, February 18, 2018

Running While Diabetic

I've always loved to run. When I was a little girl, I was quick. Like, faster-than-the-boys quick. As I got older I lost my speed. I dabbled in sprints freshman and sophomore year during track, but it didn't stick. As the years passed I struggled to find a niche in exercise, something that I really loved and could bring myself to do on a regular basis. I was surprised to find myself back to my roots - in running.

When I was a teenager I never thought I could run distance. I didn't feel I had the energy or the stamina. But as I went through college and got more familiar with the treadmill and the track, something shifted. I found I could run small distances if I paced myself. I loved the feeling of settling into just the right pace, where I could breathe somewhat normally and didn't feel like I was going to have a heart attack. It gave me a great feeling of satisfaction afterwards.

Lately I've gotten back into running. My brother and I ran a couple of 5k's, and I found myself falling back in love with the feeling of accomplishment and exhaustion a good run gave. Planned 5k's and runs in particular are exciting for me. When I have that concrete goal ahead of me, I find it easier to get myself motivated.

My main challenge with running is, of course, keeping my blood sugar stable. It's an extra level of sorcery to master in addition to the complexity of just having diabetes. I experience drops during my runs, after my runs, in the middle of the night of my runs, you name it. Then there are the spikes. The adrenaline a good run gives works as a double-edged sword, and can lead to BG spikes during or after runs. I am still in the process of finding a routine that works for me. Typically I take my pump off during the run itself. Gatorade is usually helpful when it's thrown in the mix, whether I drink it during or before or after, or all three.

Lately I've been following along with Type One Run's "Couch to 5k" program on Facebook. Although I've done 5k's before, I wanted to get back in running shape after my last one in November and get going towards preparing for my goal this year - a 10k. The program has step-by-step instructions for every day and can be done without a gym membership, which I love. What I love most, though, is the sense of community and the abundance of resources the group brings. Having a group of type ones easily accessible means being able to ask for advice and share your own helpful tips. So even though I haven't found my perfect routine for a stable BG (and let's be real - probably never will), I have a pool of tips and tricks I can dip into until I find what works best.

Sunday, February 11, 2018

Don't Ruin Your Daycation

Overnight Stays & Daycations with T1D

If you've traveled with type 1 before, you know how much pack and prep is involved. Extra supplies, more extra supplies, keeping your medical supplies in your carry-on, and the works. But things are easy to overlook when you're just going for a quick overnight getaway, or taking a daycation to a local spot. Because you're going so close, it can be easy to under-pack and forget the essentials.

This past week I took the train into NYC where I stayed overnight at my brother & sister-in-laws'. While it's relatively close (about an hour by train), I would find myself in a real pickle if my tubing got caught in a subway turnstile and ripped my site out. Getting back home via NJ Transit without planning ahead is a real hassle, and it would cut my trip short, which would bum everyone out. To try to avoid this, whenever I go to places that aren't easy to get home from, I make sure to pack extra everything - even if it's a short trip.

Of course, this means bigger baggage. But this is a necessary evil that I've found to always be a part of the type 1 lifestyle. This week, I stuffed my new canvas tote to the top and tried to keep it safely tucked under my arm during my trek. Something I find helpful is stuffing everything important towards the bottom of the bag, or wrapping them in clothes so they're less likely to fall out. Of course, I keep my meter and some juice easily accessible in my purse. Top priorities are:

Batteries. I always forget about batteries, until I've got 30 minutes left in my pump and have to scramble around wherever I'm at, thieving from remote controls.
Test strips. Sneaky in every way. You watch them accumulate, used, on the floor of  your purse, but then are shocked to find the tube empty.
Chargers. Not just for your phone. If you've got a Contour meter like me, or a T-slim pump, pack that charger. There's outlets everywhere these days.
Extra pump site. I keep these everywhere. One in my car, one in my overnight bag waiting and ready to go, one in my office. You never know when you'll need one.
Extra low supplies. Swedish Fish and Skittles are particularly non-bulky and pack a lot of punch in one bag. I am always learning about new on-the-go low treatments from fellow T1s, so if you've got other ones, please share in the comments!

So whether it's the great unknown or just a city brunch, make sure you're fully packed and prepped for anything!  Don't let T1 spoil your daycation if you can help it.

Tuesday, January 30, 2018

SOS!! Prescription Assistance Resources

Prescription medications. They play a huge role in the life of those with type 1. And they go beyond just medications - they include glucometers, test strips, lancets, pen caps, syringes, and so on. Many people with type 1 also live with autoimmune comorbidities, such as hyper/hypothyroidism or lupus, which means - you guessed it - more prescriptions. What many people don't realize is how costly these medically necessary medications and medical equipment can be, even after insurance coverage. For example, even with insurance coverage my co-payment for my insulin was roughly $230 for a 3-month supply. I am lucky. There are many people do not have insurance to soften the blow.

When you have type 1, getting your medical supplies can feel like a beast that you are expected to conquer all on your own, with no guidance. This may be why so many people fall between the cracks and struggle to care for their diabetes. Between living as a type 1 for almost 25 years and working in the field of medical social work, I have been privileged to glean handy information and resources that can help tackle this monster. Here is the quick and dirty handbook.

Terms to Know

Copayment. What you have to pay for your medication. 
Once your insurance pays their share (say, 80% of the cost of the medication), you are responsible for the balance (20%). Each insurance company is different in terms of how much they pay. Typically, insurance companies offer the most coverage for the cheapest medication, or the generic. As an example, your insurance may cover 80% of the cost of a generic (or formulary) medication, but 70% for a name brand (or non-formulary).
Formulary. The type of medication your insurance will provide the most coverage for. 
On the flip side, they will cover less (and you will pay more) for non-formulary or name brand. Then there are excluded medications/medical supplies - medications that your insurance company will not cover at all. However, if your medication is on the exclusion list, you may still be able to get coverage. 
Example: The insulin I use is on my insurance plan's exclusion list - meaning they do not cover it at all and I would be responsible to pay the entire price out of pocket. However, my insurance (and many others) allows my doctor to submit an appeal or letter of medical necessity for said medication. Once approved, the company agrees to cover the insulin as a non-formulary.
Get in touch with your insurance and ask what department can assist with this. It will likely be the prior authorization department.  If your doctor's letter/appeal is approved, your insurance may agree to cover this excluded medication to some extent- they won't cover as much as they would for a generic, but  they won't cover nothing.
Co-pay cards: Prescription assistance for commercial insurance - not for those who are on Medicare/Medicaid or uninsured. Co-pay cards can typically either be downloaded from the manufacturer website or given to you by your provider.
Prescription Assistance Programs: Programs that provide financial assistance/reimbursement for your out of pocket medication expenses. Typically those with Medicare or those who are uninsured are eligible. Applications can be made by mail or online, depending on the program.

Resources to Have

NeedyMeds. Probably my favorite resource when it comes to prescription assistance, NeedyMeds is a one-stop shop for assistance programs, downloadable coupons, and co-pay cards. Simply type in your prescription (you may need to know the generic name), and it will prompt you to choose co-pay card programs, assistance programs, or coupons, as they are available for that prescription. Link below:

Good RX. Another useful tool, Good RX provides a price comparison between your local pharmacies and downloadable coupons for your scripts. They have an app, or it can be used from your phone's browser or email. If you're old school, you can simply download the coupons and print them to take to the pharmacy. Link below:

Whether you are uninsured, under-insured, or insured by a crappy plan, there are resources out there that can likely help. I encourage everyone to try out these resources. No one should have to pay exorbitant amounts of money to stay alive. Your doctor may be aware of other programs as well, so don't be afraid to ask them. You will likely need their help or their signature for some of the assistance applications. And this doesn't just go for type 1 - this goes for any and all prescriptions for any and all medical conditions.

Note: This post was written based on my experience, and is in no way an attempt at a thorough explanation of the ins and outs of insurance coverage. Each plan is different, and each person will have different experiences. Feel free to comment with different experiences or questions below.

Friday, January 26, 2018

It's Not You, It's My Insurance

Breaking up with your doctor

Is there anything more uncomfortable than a breakup? Especially one where there’s no bad blood (yet)? Perhaps not. Recently I had a change in insurance coverage. My new policy allows for lower copays and prescription discounts with a hospital group endocrinologist. Naturally, I jumped at this – I have only been seeing my adult endo for a couple of years, and while she is very kind and helpful, the pros outweighed the cons in regards to switching – especially cost wise.

As exciting as this switch is – as fellow T1Ds, you know how big a deal any decrease in out-of-pocket expense is – it has caused me a significant amount of worry. What an icky feeling, having to tell my doctor I am switching. I weighed the options on the drive to the office. What exactly would I say? Who would I tell first – the office staff, or the MD? Will they be offended? Will they fax my chart, or will I have to sign a whole heap of paperwork to release the records? As I sat with this discomfort, I felt an eerie sense of déjà vu. Thankfully, my APN and MD were incredibly gracious and understanding. I left the office with a bittersweet feeling. Reflecting on my visit, I felt familiarity wash over me – like I had just broken up with my endo.

So what to do if you’re in this jam?

Make your decision before you enter the office. Switching doctors is a big decision for someone with type 1. Typically the recommendation is to see your endocrinologist every 3 months. This is way more often than your annual PCP visit. If you’re super comfortable with your endo and are feeling secure financially, it may be worth the extra out of pocket to stay.
Stick to your decision. Once you make your decision, stick with it. Don’t waffle in the office. Professionally, the staff should understand that this is your decision even if they are sad to see you go. It’s okay to express these feelings on both ends, as long as no one gets carried away. Be kind, but firm. If you need a scapegoat, tell them you simply can’t afford to continue there. Blame your insurance. No one likes insurance anyway, doctors included.
Have your records faxed. Not all offices will do this, and some require a signed release of information. Be prepared to ask about it while you’re there, and have the fax number of your new doc handy. If they can’t fax it, they should be able to give you a hard copy to take with you to your new significant other.

Relationships – doctor relationships, romantic relationships, friendships – can be hard. Endings are usually inevitable. When it comes down to it, you gotta do you. As the wise men once sang, “every new beginning comes from some other beginning’s end.”